Book Review: Jude by Arnold Fruchtenbaum

Ariel Bible Commentary incorporates the Messianic Jewish Epistles into one volume and Jude is a part of that volume.  Fruchtenbaum’s commentary on Jude is clear and concise.  He demonstrates the parallel structure with 2 Peter and defines the author, recipients and occasion of the text.  Continue reading


Book Review: God’s Will & Man’s Will by Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum

God’s Will & Man’s Will by Arnold Fruchtenbaum is the best work I have read that explains the sovereignty of God and free will of man controversy.  Too much fire has been created over this discussion and countless brothers and sisters have been divided instead of brought together. Continue reading

Book Review: James Commentary by Arnold Fruchtenbaum

In the Ariel’s Bible Commentary, Arnold Fruchtenbaum deals with the Messianic Jewish Epistles as a group. The Commentary on James by Arnold Fruchtenbaum is a practical and succinct explanation of the book of James.  While Hebrews was written by an author in the Diaspora to the inhabitants in the land around Jerusalem, James is written by an author in the land near Jerusalem (or in Jerusalem) to the inhabitants in the Diaspora. Continue reading

Book Review: Messianic Books: Hebrews Commentary by Arnold Fruchtenbaum

The book of Hebrews Commentary by Arnold Fruchtenbaum is the best explanation I have read and studied of this Jewish epistle written to Jews living near Jerusalem. In lucid details, Dr. Fruchtenbaum handles the theme and outline with the text rather than trying to fit the text into a theology.  Continue reading

Book Review: The Sabbath by Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum

Book Review: The Sabbath by Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum


The Sabbath by Arnold Fruchtenbaum is a thorough study of the “Sabbath.”  In true Fruchtenbaum style, he has carefully examined the Scriptures to look at both the meaning of Sabbath and to ensure he examines it in context.  He does not insert presuppositions into the text in order to fit his theology.  Sabbath is for a memorial of the Exodus, a sign of Israel’s sanctification as a nation and a sign of the Mosaic Covenant (p. 31)

Fruchtenbaum’s study of Sabbath is hermeneutically correct, consistently clear noting the contextual elements throughout Scripture and charitably fair in pointing out inconsistencies in other interpretations.  First, he is clear on his hermeneutic (method of interpretation) of a Literal Historico-Grammatical method of interpretation to ensure his analysis and discussion harmonizes with all of Scripture.  He doesn’t insert theology into the study, but extracts the meaning from each genre and dispensational section of the text.  Because of inconsistent hermeneutics, many have distorted the meaning of “sabbath” to Christian living today. 

I appreciate how well Fruchtenbaum isolates the meaning of “Sabbath” as beginning with the Mosaic Law.  And with the passing of the authority of the Mosaic Law, with the beginning of the Church Age, he notes the passing of the necessity of the weekly Sabbath observance.  Interestingly, he makes clear that the Sabbath was for rest and refreshment, not necessarily worship (p. 14).  Israel gathers three times for annual festival worship, but the weekly Sabbath was to rest and enjoy God’s presence with family.  Misunderstanding this has caused many Christians to mandate how and when worship should be defined today.  For example, worship does not need to be on Sunday (pp. 87-89).  Christians 1) need to decide to set aside some time for worship, 2) they must meet together and 3) the local congregation can decide when and where (p. 84).  I used to understand three reasons for Sabbath, but Fruchtenbaum describes 19 reasons (pp. 31-33).

Secondly, Fruchtenbaum is consistently clear emphasizing context each time.  When God speaks through Isaiah ordering a cessation of sacrifices for the Sabbath, God is not cancelling the Mosaic Law, but condemning their ritual without reality observance (p. 48).  His consistency is also in noting when Sabbath is used typologically in the book of Hebrews rather than literally (p. 82).  Ultimately, Fruchtenbaum is a master at comparing Scripture with Scripture to ensure consistency (p. 82)

Thirdly, he is charitable in pointing out inconsistencies of other Sabbath interpretations (p. 24).  He even responds with his genuine sense of humor in addressing inconsistencies (pp. 22, 31, 85). 

This is a fantastic study on Sabbath that is clear, consistent and fair in addressing the biblical view.  You could secure a copy of this at